Pediatric Pain Management in the Emergency Department (Pharmacology CME and Pain Management CME) | Digest
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Pediatric Pain Management in the Emergency Department

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Points and Pearls Excerpt

  • Untreated or undertreated pain in pediatric patients can lead to anxiety, greater pain response to later stimuli, post-traumatic stress, and persistent medical fear.
  • Pain should be assessed upon presentation and during the visit. Changes in pain scores can help determine the effectiveness of interventions.
  • The gold standard and most desirable method for pain assessment, when obtainable, is based upon self-report of pain by the patient. Self-reporting pain assessment scales exist for children as young as 3 years of age; behavioral pain scales exist for younger or nonverbal children.
  • Nonpharmacological pain management (eg, distraction techniques and behavioral interventions) can reduce anxiety and procedural pain and increase parental satisfaction.

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Publication Information
Authors

Neil Uspal, MD, FAAP; Kelly D. Black, MD; Stephen John Cico, MD, MEd, FACEP, FAAP, FAAEM

Peer Reviewed By

Samina Ali, MD, FRCPC; Naveen Poonai, MSc, MD

Publication Date

August 2, 2019

CME Expiration Date

September 2, 2022

Pub Med ID: 31339255

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