An Evidence-Based Approach To The Evaluation And Treatment Of Croup In Children
×
EMPOWERING PHYSICIANS WITH EVIDENCE-BASED CONTENT
 

Home > Browse Topics

An Evidence-Based Approach To The Evaluation And Treatment Of Croup In Children

September 2012

Abstract

Croup is a viral childhood infection characterized by the acute onset of barky cough and stridor that is a common cause of pediatric presentations to emergency departments and primary care centers. It is usually a mild, self-limited disease, but, in some rare cases, croup may lead to upper airway obstruction and respiratory failure. All children presenting with croup should be treated with oral dexamethasone to reduce the severity of symptoms and rate of revisits or admissions to the hospital. Children exhibiting signs of upper airway obstruction should be treated with nebulized epinephrine. There is no evidence, to date, to show that humidified air or heliox are of benefit when treating children with croup. Appropriate discharge instructions should be given to caregivers to prevent unnecessary or delayed visits to the emergency department. This review focuses on the clinical evaluation and treatment of children with croup by offering a thorough examination of the recent advances in treatment and recommendations on the necessity of appropriate disposition and follow-up.

Keywords: croup, acute laryngotracheitis  and acute laryngotracheobronchitis

Table Of Contents:
Related Links:

To view this issue, please choose one of the options below:

Purchase a
subscription
$319
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
 
Sign up for a free trial
Free 48-hour trial
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
 

For more than 14 years, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice has been the leading MEDLINE-indexed journal in pediatric emergency medicine. Each monthly issue gives you concise, applicable information on the management of your pediatric patients and is relevant for physicians practicing in general and pediatric EDs. Topics like ingestions, trauma, emergency procedures, airway emergencies, toxicologic emergencies, neurologic emergencies, and more are covered in our monthly journal issues.

Your subscription includes:

  • New print and online issues of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
  • Over 200 archived issues on our mobile-optimized website
  • Points & Pearls supplement (a two-page digest of each issue)
  • Calculated Decisions supplement (powered by MDCalc)
  • 48 CME credits from upcoming issues
  • 144 CME credits from archived issues, including trauma CME, child abuse CME, and more

Subscribe today to get access to this issue and more!

2018 LLSA Prep Study Guides, 35 CME Credits

 
About EB Medicine:
Products:
Accredited By:
ACCME ACCME
AMA AMA
ACEP ACEP
AAFP AAFP
AOA AOA
AAP AAP
Endorsed By:
AEMAA AEMAA
HONcode HONcode
STM STM

 

Last Modified: 01/16/2019
© EB Medicine