Interfacility transfer of pediatric patients requires coordination between the transferring and receiving facility teams, as well as the transport team.
Only 5.5% of community emergency departments have the recommended pediatric medical supplies to stabilize and treat patients in need of subspecialty or critical care.
The speed capability of rotor-wing aircraft combined with the ability to avoid traffic allows for travel times that are one-fourth that of ground transportation modalities.
Most Important References
Singh JM, Gunz AC, Dhanani S, et al. Frequency, composition, and predictors of in-transit critical events during pediatric critical care transport. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016;17(10):984-991. (Retrospective cohort study; 8889 patients) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0000000000000919
King BR, King TM, Foster RL, et al. Pediatric and neonatal transport teams with and without a physician: a comparison of outcomes and interventions. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007;23(2):77-82. (Prospective cohort study; 14 transport nurses, 539 patients) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0b013e318030083d
* Stroud MH, Prodhan P, Moss M, et al. Enhanced monitoring improves pediatric transport outcomes: a randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2011;127(1):42-48. (Randomized controlled trial; 1995 patients) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-1336
Orr RA, Venkataraman T, Singleton CA. Pediatric risk of mortality (PRISM) score: a poor predictor in triage of patients for pediatric transport. Ann Emerg Med.18(4):450. (Prospective observational study; 117 pediatric patients) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0196-0644(89)80682-1
Kofos D, Pitetti R, Orr R, et al. Telemedicine in pediatric transport: a feasibility study. Pediatrics. 1998;102(5):E58. (Prospective comparative study; 15 patients evaluated by in-house physician and physician by telemedicine) http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/102/5/e58