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<< Managing Dislocations of the Hip, Knee, and Ankle in the Emergency Department (Trauma CME)

Complications

Hip Dislocation

Overall prognosis following a hip dislocation is dependent on a number of factors. Simple hip dislocations can range from a normal, functional hip to a severely painful, arthritic hip or permanent neurovascular injury.3 Factors that lead to worse prognosis include increased time to reduction, posterior dislocation, cartilaginous injury to the femoral head, associated acetabular fracture, the presence of polytrauma, and pre-existing comorbidities.3,66 These risk factors increase the patient’s risk of developing long-term complications such as avascular necrosis, posttraumatic arthritis, sciatic nerve palsy, and heterotopic ossification.3

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