A literature search was performed in PubMed using the terms stridor, upper airway obstruction, croup, epiglottitis, bacterial tracheitis, mononucleosis, foreign body, anaphylaxis, biphasic reaction, airway burns, thermal burns, laryngomalacia, subglottic stenosis, vocal cord paralysis, vocal cord dysfunction, respiratory papilloma, subglottic hemangioma, vascular rings, and bronchogenic cysts. The search was filtered for patients aged 0 to 18 years. A total of 193 articles published from 1988 to the present were reviewed. The Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews was searched using the terms stridor and upper airway obstruction; 14 reviews were identified, with 3 of them pertinent to this article.
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