Special Populations | Pediatric Heat-Related Illness

<< Pediatric Heat-Related Illness: Recommendations for Prevention and Management

Special Populations

Children Left in Cars

The risk for heat-related illness in infants and young children is mostly attributed to their inability to remove themselves from high-heat environments, such as a locked vehicle. Guard et al found that over 70% of fatalities were children who were left in cars by adults79 and Ferrara et al found that 75% of children were intentionally left in a car.80 Balbus et al studied the effects of climate change on hot-car deaths and found that mortality rates for infants and children increased by 4.9% per 5.6°C (10°F) increase in mean daily temperature.81 These studies highlight the importance of educating parents and caregivers about the dangers of leaving children in cars, even for short periods of time.

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