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<< Nonaccidental Injury in Pediatric Patients: Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment (Trauma CME)

Epidemiology

In 1974, the Child Abuse Protection and Treatment Act provided funding for the prevention, identification, and treatment of child maltreatment. It established mandated reporting of suspected child maltreatment in the United States. Minimum standards for defining child abuse and neglect were defined as “any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.”14 Within these guidelines, however, each state maintains the authority to define maltreatment within its own legal statutes, which causes variability in reporting practices throughout the country.14

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