A literature search was performed using PubMed, with the search terms pelvic inflammatory disease, endometritis, salpingitis, oophoritis, and tubo-ovarian abscess. The search included clinical trials, systematic reviews, review articles, and clinical guidelines. A review of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews revealed no relevant reviews. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (www.guideline.gov) noted 3 guidelines:
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