<< Vaccine-Preventable Diseases In Pediatric Patients: A Review Of Measles, Mumps, Rubella, And Varicella



In the prevaccine era, measles caused 15,000 to 60,000 cases of blindness and 2 million deaths per year.10 Death was due to pneumonia and/or encephalitis. Young children aged < 5 years and adults aged > 20 years are at risk for complications from measles. The measles vaccine effort began in 1963, and decreased the disease prevalence significantly.In 2000, measles was eradicated in the United States.11 It is estimated that almost 13 million lives have been saved by vaccination against measles.12 (See Figure 1.)

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