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<< Carbon Monoxide Poisoning In Children: Diagnosis And Management In The Emergency Department

Epidemiology And Etiology

Accidental, non–fire-related CO poisoning, sometimes called “preventable” or “unintentional” CO poisoning, is responsible for approximately 20,000 ED visits and nearly 500 deaths annually in the United States.6,8 Unintentional CO poisoning in pediatric patients represents about 5000 ED visits annually in the United States. In a 2012 national surveillance data analysis, children aged < 5 years had the highest estimated rate of accidental CO-related ED visits (11.6 cases/100,000 population), followed by adults aged 25 to 34 years (10.4 cases/100,000 population). Despite having a higher rate of ED visits compared to other age groups, rates of hospitalizations and deaths from CO poisoning are lower in children.8

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