<< Toxic Alcohol Ingestion: Prompt Recognition and Management in the Emergency Department (Critical Care Topic and Pharmacology CME)

Methanol Poisoning

Etiology And Pathophysiology

First produced on a large scale in 1923 when it was distilled from wood (and called wood alcohol), methanol is currently found in windshield-washing fluid, solid cooking fuel, fuel for model airplanes, and is used as a solvent and intermediate in chemical manufacturing.1,22 The most common methanol exposure results from ingestion of windshield-washing fluid.85 Methanol has been implicated in epidemics of mass poisoning, usually due to unintentional contamination of beverages, especially in undeveloped, resource-poor countries.4-7,86

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