A literature search was performed using PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and The National Guideline Clearinghouse (www.guideline.gov) with the search terms carotid artery dissection, vertebral artery dissection, cervical artery dissection, blunt cerebral vascular injury, dissecting intracranial aneurysm, intracranial dissection, and stroke dissection. The search was limited to human studies in the English language from 2001 to the present. The search yielded more than 1400 articles that were reviewed for appropriateness. Only clinically relevant, peer-reviewed journal articles were included.
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