A 25-year-old woman presents with complaints of redness of her right hand and arm. She reports that 1 day prior to presentation she was playing with a stray cat that she had been feeding and it “lovingly” bit her hand.
A 45-year-old man is brought to the ED after being bitten by a police dog. The arresting officer reports that the man was running away from a crime scene when the dog bit him several times. The patient has multiple gaping lacerations to his leg that range in length from 4 cm to 14 cm.
An 8-year-old boy is brought in by his mother because he was bitten by his guinea pig last week. The child denies any complaints, but the mother is worried that the child has “caught a disease” from the bite.
Which of these patients require antibiotic treatment? Which require rabies prophylaxis? Do any require admission to the hospital?
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