<< Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Complications In Children: An Evidence-Based Approach To Emergency Department Management


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Evidence-based medicine requires a critical appraisal of the literature based upon study methodology and number of subjects. Not all references are equally robust. The findings of a large, prospective, randomized, and blinded trial should carry more weight than a case report.

To help the reader judge the strength of each reference, pertinent information about the study, such as the type of study and the number of patients in the study are included in bold type following the references, where available. The most informative references cited in this paper, as determined by the authors, are noted by an asterisk (*) next to the number of the reference.

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Jacqueline Bober, DO, FAAP; Johnathan Rochlin, MD; Shashidhar Marneni, MD

Publication Date

February 2, 2016

CME Expiration Date

March 2, 2019

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