<< Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Complications In Children: An Evidence-Based Approach To Emergency Department Management

Differential Diagnosis

The differential diagnosis for a shunt complication is wide, as patients can present with complaints (eg, fever, headache, and nausea) that are commonly seen in many childhood illnesses. The whole clinical picture should be taken into account when considering the differential diagnosis. For shunt infections, common childhood diagnoses such as otitis media, upper respiratory infection, gastroenteritis, and urinary tract infection (especially in patients with spina bifida) must be considered in the differential.52

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