<< Evidence-Based Hospital Management Of Patients With Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction

Controversies And Cutting Edge

Many of the variable outcomes in the trials described previously result from differences in the groups studied. While some trials include HF-PEF patients and others predominantly DHF, this variability highlights the lack of a universally accepted classification system for this patient population. This can be explained by the vast number of etiologies of HF-PEF, including patients with no identifiable myocardial pathology. Another controversial aspect of the definition of DHF is the diagnostic tool used for assessment of diastolic function.

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