<< Evidence-Based Hospital Management Of Patients With Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction

Diagnostic Studies

Important points to remember in analysis of BNP values is that values can rise with age, and that values are generally higher in women compared to men.11 There is also an expected rise in BNP levels with certain comorbidities, such as sepsis, liver failure, or kidney failure. Plasma levels of BNP rise independently of LV filling pressures once glomerular filtration rate falls < 60 mL/min.

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