<< Dyspnea: Fear, Loathing, and Physiology


TOC Will Appear Here



Patients with dyspnea may have causes that range from the benign to catastrophic. In most cases of dyspnea, the history and physical examination, as well as a few bedside tests such as chest x-ray and pulse oximetry, will drive the scope of this evaluation. A dangerous pitfall is the failure to consider pulmonary embolism. Fortunately, several easily available tests can obviate the need for a lung scan, such as the new-generation D-dimer test in combination with the respiratory rate and/or the A-a gradient.
Publication Information

Jeffrey A. Kline

Publication Date

August 1, 1999

Get Permission

Get A Sample Issue Of Emergency Medicine Practice
Enter your email to get your copy today! Plus receive updates on EB Medicine every month.
Please provide a valid email address.