<< Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease In The Emergency Department: Managing Flares And Long-Term Complications

Long-Term Complications Of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

As with any other chronic disease, both physical and psychosocial burdens imposed on patients are substantial, especially in the pediatric population. Long-term complications of IBD include the risk of developing malignancy, thromboembolic risks, adverse medication effects, reduced growth velocity, and psychosocial implications. In IBD overall, there is a small increase in mortality of 0.5% over age-matched controls.71 Mortality is primarily due to infections (particularly in patients receiving immu dehydranosuppressive agents), followed by malignancy and uncontrolled disease.72 Difference in clinical outcome between sexes has not been observed.73

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