<< Emergency Department Management Of Acute Hematogenous Osteomyelitis In Children

Etiology And Pathophysiology

AHO is the most common type of osteomyelitis that occurs in children, while osteomyelitis caused by contiguous spread of infection or vascular insufficiency is more rare.3,16 In cases of AHO, once the bacteria are in the bloodstream, they most often seed the metaphysis of a particular bone because of the rich blood supply. Bacteria are then able to adhere to the cartilaginous matrix of bone, causing local inflammation.

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