A systematic search of published literature from 1970 to June 2013 was undertaken using PubMed. The search was performed using the search terms osteomyelitis, pediatric, bone infection, joint infection, hematogenous, sickle cell disease, imaging, and antibiotics. Additional papers were identified through bibliographies of key studies. Over 100 articles were reviewed. Searching the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews using the key term osteomyelitis identified 1 relevant review.14
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