<< Pediatric Nerve Blocks: An Evidence-Based Approach (Trauma CME)

Controversies And Cutting Edge

Ultrasound guidance of nerve blocks was introduced in 1994, and its benefits have been demonstrated in the pediatric setting since 2004.23,24 Since the introduction of ultrasound, several articles in the anesthesiology literature have substantiated the advantages of using ultrasound technology in pediatric nerve blocks. The advantages of ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blocks include: (1) direct visualization of the anatomical structures, (2) real-time control of needle advancement, (3) assessment of the spread of anesthetic around the nerve, (4) decreased amounts of anesthetic required to achieve a nerve block, and (5) decreased number of complications.24

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