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<< Monoarticular Arthritis Update: Current Evidence For Diagnosis And Treatment In The Emergency Department

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References

Evidence-based medicine requires a critical appraisal of the literature based upon study methodology and number of subjects. Not all references are equally robust. The findings of a large, prospective, randomized, and blinded trial should carry more weight than a case report.

To help the reader judge the strength of each reference, pertinent information about the study will be included in bold type following the reference, where available. In addition, the most informative references cited in this paper, as determined by the authors, are noted by an asterisk (*) next to the number of the reference.

 

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  3. Robinson E-G. Evaluation of the Patient: History and Physical Examination. Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases, 13th ed. 2008:6. (Prospective trial)
  4. Sun HB. Mechanical loading, cartilage degradation, and arthritis. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010;1211:37-50. (Review)
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  6. Jay GD TJ, Warman ML, Laderer MC, Breuer KS. The role of lubricin in the mechanical behavior of synovial fluid. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2007;104(15):6194-6199. (Comparison study)
  7. Dubost JJ, Soubrier M, De Champs C, Ristori JM, Bussiere JL, Sauvezie B. No changes in the distribution of organisms responsible for septic arthritis over a 20 year period. Ann Rheum Dis. 2002;61(3):267-269. (Retrospective study)
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  21. Thumboo J, O’Duffy JD. A prospective study of the safety of joint and soft tissue aspirations and injections in patients taking warfarin sodium. Arthritis Rheum. 1998;41(4):736-739. (Prospective trial)
  22. Campo MM, Kerkhoffs GM, Sierevelt IN, et al. A randomised controlled trial for the effectiveness of intra-articular Ropivacaine and Bupivacaine on pain after knee arthroscopy: the DUPRA (DUtch Pain Relief after Arthroscopy)-trial. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2012;20(2):239-244. (Randomized clinical trial)
  23. Chu CR, Coyle CH, Chu CT, et al. In vivo effects of single intra-articular injection of 0.5% bupivacaine on articular cartilage. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010;92(3):599-608. (Prospective trial)
  24. Abdullah S, Young-Min SA, Hudson SJ, et al. Gross synovial fluid analysis in the differential diagnosis of joint effusion. J Clin Pathol. 2007;60(10):1144-1147. (Evaluation study)
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  28. * Carpenter CR, Schuur JD, Everett WW, Pines JM. Evidence-based diagnostics: adult septic arthritis. Acad Emerg Med. 2011;18(8):781-796. (Systematic review)
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  32. Rice PA. Gonococcal arthritis (disseminated gonococcal infection). Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2005;19(4):853-861.
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  35. Gandhi M, Jacobs R. Septic arthritis and disseminated gonococcal infection. In: Imboden J, Hellman D, Stone J, eds. Current Rheumatology Diagnosis and Treatment. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2007:359. (Textbook)
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  37. O’Malley A, Svinos H. Towards evidence based emergency medicine: Best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. BET 3: Is the white cell count of the joint aspirate sufficiently sensitive/specific to rule in/out septic arthritis? Emerg Med J. 2009;26(6):435-437. (Review)
  38. Shmerling RH, Delbanco TL, Tosteson AN, Trentham DE. Synovial fluid tests. What should be ordered? JAMA. 1990;264(8):1009-1014. (Prospective case review)
  39. Kortekangas P, Aro HT, Tuominen J, et al. Synovial fluid leukocytosis in bacterial arthritis vs reactive arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in the adult knee. Scan J Rheumatol. 1992;21:283-288.
  40. Yang S, Ramachandran P, Hardick A, et al. Rapid PCR-based diagnosis of septic arthritis by early Gram-type classification and pathogen identification. J Clin Microbiol. 2008;46(4):1386-1390. (Evaluation study)
  41. Ho G. Infectious disorders: septic arthritis. In: Klippel JH, ed. Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases, 13th ed. Atlanta, GA: Arthritis Foundation; 2008:271. (Textbook)
  42. Sukswai P, Kovitvanitcha D, Thumkunanon V, Chotpitayasunondh T, Sangtawesin V, Jeerathanyasakun Y. Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in children: clinical characteristics and outcomes study. J Med Assoc Thai. 2011;94 Suppl 3:S209-216. (Retrospective case review)
  43. Al-Nammari SS, Bobak P, Venkatesh R. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus versus methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus adult haematogenous septic arthritis. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2007;127(7):537-542. (Retrospective review)
  44. Weston VC, Jones AC, Bradbury N, Fawthrop F, Doherty M. Clinical features and outcome of septic arthritis in a single UK Health District 1982-1991. Ann Rheum Dis. 1999;58(4):214-219. (Retrospective chart review)
  45. Eggebeen AT. Gout: an update. Am Fam Physician. 2007;76:801-808. (Review)
  46. Schumacher HR, Jr., Boice JA, Daikh DI, et al. Randomised double blind trial of etoricoxib and indometacin in treatment of acute gouty arthritis. BMJ 2002;324(7352):1488-1492. (Randomized control trial)
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  48. Zhang W, Doherty M, Bardin T, et al. EULAR recommendations for calcium pyrophosphate deposition. Part II: management. Ann Rheum Dis. 2006;65(10):1212-1324. (Practice guidelines, review)
  49. Sussman JS, Brozena SC, Skop N, et al. Accidental intravenous colchicine poisoning. Ther Drug Monitor. 2004;26(6):688-692. (Case report)
  50. Winzenberg T, Buchbinder R. Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group review: acute gout. Steroids or NSAIDs? Let this overview from the Cochrane Group help you decide what’s best for your patient. J Fam Prac. 2009;58(7):E1-E4. (Review)
  51. 51.* Terkeltaub RA, Furst DE, Bennett K, et al. High versus low dosing of oral colchicine for early acute gout flare: Twenty-four-hour outcome of the first multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-comparison colchicine study. Arthritis Rheum. 2010;62(4):1060-1068. (Randomized controlled trial)
  52. Ibuprofen: Drug information. In: UpToDate, Lexicomp, UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2012. (Online database)
  53. Colchicine: Drug information. In: UpToDate, Lexicomp, UpToDate, Waltham, MA, 2012. (Online database)
  54. * Man CY, Cheung ITF, Cameron PA, Rainer TH. Comparison of oral prednisolone/paracetamol and oral indomethacin/paracetamol combination therapy in the treatment of acute goutlike arthritis: a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Ann Emerg Med. 2007;49(5):670-677. (Randomized controlled trial)
  55. Axelrod D, Preston S. Comparison of parenteral adrenocorticotropic hormone with oral indomethacin in the treatment of acute gout. Arthritis Rheum. 1988;31(6):803-805. (Prospective trial)
  56. Ritter J, Kerr LD, Valeriano-Marcet J, et al. ACTH revisited: effective treatment for acute crystal induced synovitis in patients with multiple medical problems. J Rheumatol.1994;21(4):696-699. (Retrospective chart review)
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  62. Werlen D, Gabay C, Vischer TL. Corticosteroid therapy for the treatment of acute attacks of crystal-induced arthritis: an effective alternative to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Rev Rhum Engl Ed.1996;63(4):248-254. (Comparative study, prospective trial)
  63. Hochberg MC. Osteoarthritis: clinical features. 12th edition ed. Atlanta, GA: Arthritis Foundation; 2001. (Textbook)
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  65. Towheed TE, Maxwell L, Judd MG, Catton M, Hochberg MC, Wells G. Acetaminophen for osteoarthritis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006(1):CD004257. (Review)
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  67. Wandel S, Juni P, Tendal B, et al. Effects of glucosamine, chondroitin, or placebo in patients with osteoarthritis of hip or knee: network meta-analysis. BMJ. 2010;341:c4675. (Meta-analysis)
  68. McCleane G. The analgesic efficacy of topical capsaicin is enhanced by glyceryl trinitrate in painful osteoarthritis: a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study. Eur J Pain. 2000;4(4):355-360. (Randomized controlled trial)
  69. Barthel HR, Haselwood D, Longley S, 3rd, Gold MS, Altman RD. Randomized controlled trial of diclofenac sodium gel in knee osteoarthritis. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2009;39(3):203-212. (Randomized controlled trial)
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  71. Bannuru RR, Natov NS, Obadan IE, et al. Therapeutic trajectory of hyaluronic acid versus corticosteroids in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arthritis Rheum. 2009;61(12):1704-1711. (Meta-analysis, systematic review)
  72. Petrella MJ, Cogliano A, Petrella RJ. Original research: long-term efficacy and safety of periarticular hyaluronic acid in acute ankle sprain. Phys Sportsmed. 2009;37(1):64-70. (Randomized controlled trial)
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  81. Glazebrook KN, Guimaraes LS, Murthy NS, et al. Identification of intraarticular and periarticular uric acid crystals with dual-energy CT: initial evaluation. Radiology. 2011;261(2):516-524. (Prospective study)
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Authors

Nicholas Genes; Makini Chisolm-Straker

Publication Date

May 2, 2012

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