<< Current Guidelines For Diagnosis And Management Of Anaphylaxis In The Emergency Department


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  1. Lieberman P, Kemp S, Oppenheimer J, et al. Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters. The Diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis: an updated practice parameter. J Allergy Cin Immunology. 2005;115:S483-S523. (Practice parameter)
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  3. Sampson HA, Munoz-Furlong A, Campbell R, et al. Second symposium of the definition and management of anaphylaxis: summary report—Second National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease/ Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network Symposium. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;117:391- 397. (Consensus statement)
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  11. Bock SA, Munoz-Furlong A, Sampson HA. Further fatalities caused by anaphylactic reactions to food, 2001-2006. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007;119:1016-1018. (Case series; 31 patients)
  12. Sampson HA, Mendelson L, Rosen JP. Fatal and near-fatal anaphylactic reactions to food in children and adolescents. NEJM. 1992;327:380-384. (Retrospective; 13 patients)
  13. Simons FE, Roberts JR, Gu X, et al. Epinephrine administration in children with a history of anaphylaxis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1998;101:33-37. (Prospective, randomized; 17 patients)
  14. Simons FE, Gu X, Simons KJ. Epinephrine absorption in adults: intramuscular versus subcutaneous injection. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2001;108:871-873. (Prospective, randomized; 13 patients)
  15. Brown AF, McKinnon D, Chu K. Emergency department anaphylaxis: a review of 142 patients in a single year. J Alergy Clin Immunology. 2001;108:861-866. (Retrospective; 142 patients)
  16. Clark S, Bock SA, Gaeta TJ, et al. Multicenter study of emergency department visits for food allergies. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004;113:347-352. (Retrospective; 678 patients)
  17. Clark S, Long AA, Gaeta TJ, et al. Multicenter study of emergency department visits for insect sting allergies. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005;116:643-649. (Retrospective; 617 patients)
  18. Russell S, Monroe K, Losek JD. Anaphylaxis management in the pediatric emergency department: opportunities for improvement. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010;26:71-76. (Retrospective; 124 patients)
  19. Lin RY, Curry A, Pesola GR, et al. Improved outcomes in patients with acute allergic syndromes who are treated with combined H1 and H2 antagonists. Ann Emerg Med. 2000;36:462-468. (Prospective, randomized; 19 patients)
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  23. Lang DM. Do B-blockers really enhance the risk of anaphylaxis during immunotherapy? Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2008;8:37-44. (Review)
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  25. Zalaga GP, Delacey W, Holmboe E, et al. Glucagon reversal of hypotension in a case of anaphylactoid shock. Ann Intern Med. 1986;105:65-66. (Case report; 1 patient)
  26. Schummer C, Wirsing M, Schummer W. The pivotal role of vasopressin in refractory anaphylactic shock. Anesth Anal. 2008;107:620-664. (Case series; 6 patients)
  27. Yong P, Birns K, Ibrahim M. Anaphylactic shock: the great mimic. Southern Medical Journal. 2007;100:295-297. (Case series; 2 patients)
  28. Flannagan LM, Wolf BC. Sudden death associated with food and exercise. J Forensic Sci. 2004 May;49(3):543-545. (Case report)
  29. Sengupta A, Kohli JK. Antibiotic prophylaxis in cesarean section causing anaphylaxis and intrauterine fetal death. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2008;34(2):252-254. (Case report)
  30. Ellis AK, Day JH. Incidence and characteristics of biphasic anaphylaxis: a prospective evaluation of 103 patients. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2007;98:64-69. (Prospective; 103 patients)
  31. Smit DV, Cameron PA, Rainer TH. Anaphylaxis presentations to an emergency department in Hong Kong: incidence and predictors of biphasic reactions. J Emerg Med. 2005;28:381-388. (Retrospective; 282 patients)
  32. Pumphrey RSH. Lessons for management of anaphylaxis from a study of fatal reactions. Clin Exp Allergy. 2000;30:1144-1150. (Retrospective; 164 patients)
  33. Greenhawt MJ, Singer AM, Baptist AP. Food allergy and food allergy attitudes among college students. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009;124:323-327. (Prospective survey; 513 respondents)
  34. Clark S, Gaeta TJ, Kamarthi GS, et al. ICD-9-CM coding of emergency department visits for food and insect sting allergy. Ann Epidemiol. 2006;16:696-700. (Retrospective; 1395 patients)
  35. Ross MP, Ferguson M, Street D, et al. Analysis of food-allergic and anaphylactic events in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;121:166-171. (Retrospective, epidemiologic study)
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Matt Friedman

Publication Date

June 3, 2011

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