<< Traumatic Brain Injury: Three Guidelines Every Emergency Physician Should Know


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1. Jagoda AS, Bazarian JJ, Bruns JJ, et al. Clinical policy: neuroimaging and decisionmaking in adult mild traumatic brain injury in the acute setting. Ann Emerg Med. 2008;52:714-174. (Systematic review)

2. Stein SC, Fabbri A, Servadei F, et al. A critical comparison of clinical decision instruments for computed tomographic scanning in mild closed traumatic brain injury in adolescents and adults. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;53:180-188. (Retrospective, 7955 patients)

3. Hall P, Adami HO, Trichopoulos D, et al. Effect of low doses of ionising radiation in infancy on cognitive function in adulthood: Swedish population based cohort study. BMJ. 2004;328:19. (Retrospective, 3094 patients)

4. Bratton SL, Chestnut RM, Ghajar J, et al. Guidelines for the management of severe traumatic brain injury, 3rd Edition. J Neurotrauma. 2007;24:S1-S106. (Systematic review)

5. Cooper DJ, Myles PS, McDermott FT, et al. Prehospital hypertonic saline-resuscitation of patients with hypotension and severe traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2004;291:1350-1357. (Prospective, randomized, controlled, 229 patients)

6. Peterson B, Khanna S, Fisher B, et al. Prolonged hypernatremia controls elevated intracranial pressure in head-injured pediatric patients. Crit Care Med. 2000;28:11361143. (Retrospective, 68 patients)

7. Vialet R, Albanese J, Thomachot L, et al. Isovolume hypertonic solutes (sodium chloride or mannitol) in the treatment of refractory posttraumatic intracranial hypertension: 2 mL/kg 7.5% saline is more effective than 2 mL/kg 20% mannitol. Crit Care Med. 2003; 31:1683 1687. (Prospective, randomized, 20 patients)

8. White H, Cook D, Venkatesh B. The use of hypertonic saline for treating intracranial hypertension after traumatic brain injury. Anesth Analg. 2006;102:18361846. (Narrative review)

9. Sirvent JM, Torres A, El-Ebiary M, Castro P, de Batlle J, Bonet A. Protective effect of intravenously administered cefuroxime against nosocomial pneumonia in patients with structural coma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997;155:1729-1734. (Prospective, randomized, controlled, 100 patients)

10. Goodpasture HC, Romig DA, Voth DW, et al. A prospective study of tracheobronchial bacterial flora in acutely brain-injured patients with and without antibiotic prophylaxis. J Neurosurg. 1977;47:228-235. (Prospective, 28 patients)

11. Badjatia N, Carney N, Crocco TJ, et al. Guidelines for prehospital management of traumatic brain injury, 2nd edition. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2008;12:S1-S52. (Systematic review)

12. Wirtz DD, Ortiz C, Newman DH. Unrecognized misplacement of endotracheal tubes by ground prehospital providers. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2007;11:213-218. (Prospective, 192 patients)

13. Gausche M, Lewis RJ, Stratton SJ, et al. Effect of out-of-hospital pediatric endotracheal intubation on survival and neurological outcome. JAMA. 2000;283:783-790. (Prospective, 830 patients)

14. Davis DP, Peay J, Sise MJ, et al. The impact of prehospital endotracheal intubation on outcome in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. J Trauma. 2005;58:933-939. (Retrospective, 13,625 patients)

15. Wang HE, Peitzman AB, Cassidy LD, et al. Out-of-hospital endotracheal intubation and outcome after traumatic brain injury. Ann Emerg Med. 2004;44:439-450. (Retrospective, 4098 patients)

16. Sayre MR, Sakles JC, Mistler AF, et al. Field trial of endotracheal intubation by basic EMTs. Ann Emerg Med. 1998;31:228-233. (Prospective, 103 patients)

17. Jones JH, Murphy MP, Dickson RL, et al. Emergency physician-verified out-of-hospital intubation: miss rates by paramedics. Acad Emerg Med. 2004;11:707-709. (Prospective, 208 patients)

18. Katz SH, Falk JL. Misplaced endotracheal tubes by paramedics in an urban emergency medical services system. Ann Emerg Med. 2001;37:32-37. (Prospective, 108 patients)

Publication Information

Reuben Strayer

Publication Date

October 3, 2009

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