Duff JP, Topjian AA, Berg MD, et al. 2019 American Heart Association focused update on pediatric advanced life support: an update to the American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Pediatrics. 2020;145(1):140(24):e20191361.
In 2019, the American Heart Association published an update to the pediatric advanced life support (PALS) guidelines on advanced airway management in pediatric cardiac arrest, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in pediatric cardiac arrest, and pediatric targeted temperature management (TTM) during post–cardiac arrest care. Original research and 3 systematic reviews on these topics as well as the 2019 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations (CoSTR) from the Pediatric Life Support Task Force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) were assessed to outline the recommendations and updates. Definitions of the classes of recommendations and levels of evidence can be found in the table in the original article (see page 4 of the original article).