EMPOWERING PHYSICIANS WITH EVIDENCE-BASED CONTENT
 
Home Browse Topics Points & Pearls Take CME Tests Editorial Boards About Us Store Subscribe/
Renew

Home > Browse Topics

Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Patients: Diagnosis and Management in the Emergency Department

May 2017

Abstract

Pediatric acute kidney injury is a condition that is underdiagnosed among children seen in the emergency department, and it has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality, including increased risk for chronic kidney disease. The most common etiologies in pediatric patients are now known to be due to hypovolemia, sepsis, shock, and cardiac dysfunction. This issue compares 3 classification systems for the diagnosis and staging of acute kidney injury and reviews the etiologies that lead to kidney injury in children. The management of pediatric acute kidney injury focuses on identifying patients at high risk, monitoring intravascular volume status, avoiding nephrotoxic medication exposure, and involving a pediatric nephrologist once acute kidney injury is diagnosed.

Keywords: acute kidney injury, AKI, pediatric acute kidney injury, pAKI, chronic kidney disease, acute renal failure, RIFLE, pRIFLE, Acute Kidney Injury Network, AKIN, Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes, KDIGO, nephrotoxin, nephrotoxic agent, contrast-induced nephropathy, hemolytic uremic syndrome, rhabdomyolysis, poststreptococcal acute glomerulonephritis, PSAGN, renal vein thrombosis, serum creatinine, SCr, estimated creatinine clearance, eCCl, renal replacement therapy, pediatric, child

Table Of Contents:
Related Links:

Other Articles Similar To This One:

EMplify, the new Emergency Medicine Practice podcast, is now available

Evidence Based, LLSA Study Guides

 

About EB Medicine:

Products:

Accredited By:

ACCME ACCME
AMA AMA
ACEP ACEP
AAFP AAFP
AOA AOA
AAP AAP

Endorsed By:

AEMAA AEMAA
HONcode HONcode
STM STM

 

Last Modified: 04/26/2017
© EB Medicine