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Emergent Injuries To Children And Adolescents Due To Electricity And Lightning Strikes

August 2005

 Abstract

THOUGH children and adolescents with an injury due to electricity are uncommon in the pediatric ED, because of the broad range of injury severity and the multisystem effects of electricity, the emergency practitioner must be knowledgeable about electricity's effects on the body. In this issue of Pediatric Emergency Medicine PRACTICE, we will examine the impact of both generated electricity (low- and high-voltage sources) and lightning strikes on the pediatric population, and detail treatment options that have been proven to decrease the potentially devastating negative outcomes we see when the human body comes into contact with this potent force of nature.

Abbreviations Used In This Article

AC Alternating current
AED Automatic external defibrillator
Amp Ampere (unit of current)
CK Creatinine kinase
CK-MB Creatinine kinase, myocardial band
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
DC Direct current
Hz Hertz (measure of frequency)
I Current (measured in amperes)
P Power
PALS Pediatric advanced life support
R Resistance (measured in ohms)
TBSA Total body surface area
V Volt
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